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Record Identifier:LEX-FAOC177747
Date of Entry:2018-07-02
Initials - Entry:hup
Date of last modification:2018-07-04
Initials - Modify:hup
Record Status:C
Sub-file Code:AG; EN; WA
Main Area(s):WA-Water; CL-Climate change
Language of the FAOLEX Record:E
Language of Received Document:English
Title of Text:National Irrigation Policy.
Type of Text:P
Descriptors (AG):073; 344; 656; 652; 860; 019; 659; 972; 703
irrigation; land tenure; community management; agricultural development; poverty; policy/planning; extension; good practices; climate change
Descriptors (EN):703
climate change
Descriptors (WA):073; 241; 240; 850
irrigation; flood; water shortage/drought; sustainable use
Date of Text:2017-11
Related Web
Related Files: uga177747.pdf; DE:uga177747.pdf
SO1 coverage:No
SO2 coverage:No
SO3 coverage:No
SO4 coverage:No
SO5 coverage:No
Abstract:This Irrigation Policy of Uganda is an elaboration of the National Adaptation Plan on Climate Change with a specific program designed to implement these plans for the agriculture sector. It will serve as the overarching instrument for regulation of irrigation development in the country and is part of the broader implementation of the National Climate Change Policy of 2015. Impact of climate change as a serious challenge as evidenced by prolonged droughts and severe flooding in most parts of the country requires a policy framework on irrigation as core public investment to mitigate these effects and prevent the agriculture sector from further loss. It is against this background that Government of Uganda through the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries and the Ministry of Water and Environment and in consultation with other key stakeholders have jointly developed the National Irrigation Policy. This Policy is aimed at increasing efficient water use in irrigation and contributes to agricultural production and productivity. It is complementary to the National Water Policy and shall be implemented accordingly. It takes into consideration the objectives of, amongst others, the National Agricultural Policy, National Environment Management Policy, Wetland Management Policy, National Climate Change Policy, National Land Use Policy and National Cooperative Policy.

The Policy describes the global, regional and national context of climate change and proposes a situation analysis of irrigated agricultural development in Uganda (giving due attention to matters such as, among other things, food security and water resources management). It states that climate change adaptation including irrigation requires a multi-sectoral approach using the integrated water resource management guiding principles. The Policy goal is to ensure sustainable availability of water for irrigation and its efficient use for enhanced crop production, productivity, and profitability that will contribute to food security and wealth creation. The focus of this Policy will include supporting individual progressive and organized farmer groups with feasible irrigated agriculture enterprises. The government will support them to harness irrigation potential and progress into model farmers and reference to other farmers. The government will achieve this through a contribution to capital investments for the development of the requisite infrastructure for irrigation. The Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries and the Ministry of Water and Environment will produce guidelines to operationalize this arrangement. create an enabling framework for a clearer system with streamlined services and processes for the promotion of irrigation; improving technical information sharing and simplifying decision making in this regard. The following will be the major outcomes of this policy: I) increased yields; ii) enhanced agronomic potential by permitting the growth of crops that would not have been grown under a rain-fed environment; iii) increased opportunities for farmers to indulge in year-long agricultural production; iv) enhanced income because farmers can select crops that are not produced by a large number of other farmers; v) increased opportunities to access reliable markets because farmers are assured of consistency in production; vi) enhanced returns to production inputs (labour, capital, and land); vii) enhanced food security; viii) increased opportunities for employment; and ix) enhanced natural resource management through the adoption of agroforestry).

The Policy identifies policy priority areas: To enhance investments for irrigation development by public, private and other players; Promote Integrated Water Resources Management approach in irrigation planning, development and management; Ensure that irrigation planning and development is technically feasible, economically viable, socially desirable and environmentally sustainable; Strengthen institutional capacity at all levels for coordination, planning, development and management of irrigation systems to ensure efficient water use and functionality of irrigation systems; Promote the generation and utilization of irrigation research, innovations, technologies and technical support services; Ensure reliable water for irrigation to optimize, intensify an diversify crop, livestock and fisheries production and productivity. The Policy defines strategic interventions for those areas and also identifies cross-cutting issues. Finally, the Policy identifies linkages to existing legal frameworks and sets out implementation responsibilities and arrangements.